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PPHS English 332
American Modernism Project
American Romanticism Project
Aspects of American Romanticism
List of Romanticism Works
A Dream Within a Dream by Edgar Allan Poe
A Rainy Day by Nathaniel Hawthorne
A Walk at Sunset by William Cullen Bryant
Alone by Edgar Allan Poe
Annabel Lee by Edgar Allan Poe
Bartleby, the Scrivener by Herman Melville
Dream-Land by Edgar Allan Poe
Eldorado by Edgar Allan Poe
Eleonora by Edgar Allan Poe
Forms of Heroes by Nathaniel Hawthorne
Hop-Frog by Edgar Allan Poe
Ligeia by Edgar Allan Poe
Little Annie's Ramble by Nathaniel Hawthorne
Mr. Higginbotham's Catastrophe by Nathaniel Hawthorne
My Love by James Russell Lowell
My Low and Humble Home by Nathaniel Hawthorne
Paradise of Bachelors and the Tarturus of Maid by Herman Melville
Silence by Edgar Allan Poe
Spirits of the Dead by Edgar Allan Poe
The Ambitious Guest by Nathaniel Hawthorne
The Balloon Hoax by Edgar Allan Poe
The Bells by Edgar Allan Poe
The Black Cat by Edgar Allan Poe
The Bridal Ballad by Edgar Allan Poe
The Canterbury Pilgrims by Nathaniel Hawthorne
The Cask of Amontillado by Edgar Allan Poe
The City in the Sea by Edgar Allan Poe
The Coliseum by Edgar Allan Poe
The Darkened Mind by James Russell Lowell
The Facts in the Case of M. Valdemar by Edgar Allan Poe
The Fall of the House of Usher by Edgar Allan Poe
The Gold Bug by Edgar Allan Poe
The Happiest Day by Edgar Allan Poe
The Haunted Palace by Edgar Allan Poe
The Lake by Edgar Allan Poe
The Last Leaf by Oliver Wendell Holmes
The Lightning Rod Man by Herman Melville
The Man of the Crowd by Edgar Allan Poe
The Martyr by Herman Melville
The Masque of the Red Death by Edgar Allan Poe
The Murders in the Rue Morgue by Edgar Allan Poe
The Oval Portrait by Edgar Allan Poe
The Premature Burial by Edgar Allan Poe
The Purloined Letter by Edgar Allan Poe
The Sleeper by Edgar Allan Poe
The Spectacles by Edgar Allan Poe
The System of Dr. Tarr and Prof. Fether by Edgar Allan Poe
The Tell-Tale Heart by Edgar Allan Poe
The Valley of Unrest by Edgar Allan Poe
To the River by Edgar Allan Poe
Ulalume by Edgar Allan Poe
What the Birds Said by John Greenleaf Whittier
William Wilson by Edgar Allan Poe
The Sleeper by Edgar Allan Poe
Edgar Allan Poe is known for his undeniable contribution to the literary community. His dark writing style reflected Romanticism pieces. With the use of strong imagery, dark themes, and Romanticist aspects, Poe effectively established his place in the always altering literary community. Poe's piece,
allows readers to retain a definitive idea of the mysterious writers intentions. Poe uses imagery to establish his ideas in his work. In
Poe creates an eerie environment in which his characters inhabit (Poe). In the piece, Poe depicts a lady in a long dress. With various descriptions of her sleep and the atmosphere, readers can understand Poe's deep, yet dark Romanticist intentions. In a brief summary of Edgar Allan Poe's life, a look into the author's intentions and accomplishments are revealed. His personal life is quite reputable as well, often being known for his addiction to drugs and alcohol (Welock). As well as this addiction to drugs and alcohol, he seems to be known for his peculiar marriage to his thirteen year old cousin. This abnormal personal life helped establish Poe's name and image. Poe is reputable for his peculiar connection to Dark Romanticism, yet his personal life is just as infatuating;
is an adequate example of Poe's contribution to the literary community.
Born on January 19, 1809, Poe resided in Boston, Massachusetts with his father and mother. His parents were talented actors during this time, which allowed Poe to grow up in an artistically driven household. After Poe's expulsion from the University of Virginia and West Point, he began to write stories. After the expulsion, Poe began to edit various pieces and magazines. Works such as the
Southern Literary Messenger
The Narrative of Arthur Gordon Pym
were common pieces that the significant author was connected with (Werlock). Although he edited literary pieces, his individual work is what he is mainly known for; his personal life seems to intrigue many young supporters and scholars as well (Werlock). Throughout Poe's short-lived life, he often partook in abnormal and unhealthy acts, which can be closely related to his peculiar work in the literary community. Poe was an active abuser of alcohol and drugs (Werlock). His death, at the young age of forty years old, is not entirely known. Due to this unknown death, more speculation and infatuation with Edgar Allan Poe's abnormal life and work is aroused. His personal life only reflects the famous pieces that were written in this period of time.
At midnight, in the month of June,
I stand beneath the mystic moon.
An opiate vapor, dewy, dim,
Exhales from out her golden rim,
And, softly dripping, drop by drop,
Upon the quiet mountain top,
Steals drowsily and musically
Into the universal valley.
The rosemary nods upon the grave;
The lily lolls upon the wave;
Wrapping the fog about its breast,
The ruin molders into rest;
Looking like Lethe, see! the lake
A conscious slumber seems to take,
And would not, for the world, awake.
All Beauty sleeps!- and lo! where lies
Irene, with her Destinies (Poe)!
In this excerpt from Poe's piece,
the author's effective language and imagery is displayed (Poe). Poe is known for displaying a vivid description of his characters and the environment in which these infatuating characters inhabit. The excerpt uses eerie vocabulary in order to obtain this strong imagery. With words such as "mystic moon and opiate vapor," readers can retain a more spiritually connect perspective of Edgar Allan Poe (Poe). This spiritual connection is a common usage in Romanticist pieces. Edgar Allan Poe, falling into a more Dark Romanticist category, uses this spiritual connection as well as a strong use of abnormal and eerie imagery. To convey this dark Romanticist guideline, Poe uses language such as "grave, rest, slumber, and lies" (Poe). This vocabulary effectively conveys Poe's intentions and quota of writing a dark Romanticist piece. In a more spiritual relation, Poe uses the connection with a higher power to speak of the woman in the dress. After this use of spiritual connection, Poe refers back to a strong use of imagery and dark vocabulary. "My love, she sleeps! Oh, may her sleep. As it is lasting, so be deep! Soft may the worms about her creep!" (Poe) The statement is taken from
In this excerpt, the author uses eerie language to justify his dark stance in the literary community. This is a relative idea between most of Poe's individual literary pieces.
Throughout the poem, readers begin to understand the overall theme. Poe creates a melancholy environment in which the protagonist cannot escape. The main character of the literary piece cannot accept his lover's death. His pain adds for a darker, romantically inclined poem. With his use of strong literary devices, Poe can effectively establish a dark Romanticist piece (Ricou). In the piece, the protagonist can only continue to mourn due to his lover's inability to allow him to move on. Throughout the entire poem, Poe uses characters such as ghosts to successfully describe this grueling mourning process. Poe also uses the lover's description in dream often. Twisted details and romanticized resolutions allow the protagonist to improve the coping process. Although the protagonist believes his lover is in an eternal sleep, he negates the fact that he is in a deep dream in which he cannot wake up. By placing this into the poem, Poe can relate Dark Romanticism through the use of imagery, spiritual connection, and death.
Edgar Allan Poe's literary piece,
, is an adequate example of the contrasting literary periods. Poe's literary work is relative to a more Dark Romanticism period. With his strong use of imagery, death, and spiritual connection, Poe established a successful stance in the altering literary community (Ricou). Poe retained reputability through his various works. Pieces such as
The Pit and Pendulum,
Poe obtained respect and further prominence in American Literature. Poe's personal life seems to be as infatuating as his writing (Werlock). His personal life could have been the source for his abnormal writing style. With his addiction to drugs, alcohol and marriage to his thirteen year old cousin, Poe suffered to some speculation and criticism (Werlock). Nevertheless, Poe remains as a contributing user of Dark Romanticism in the literary community. His undeniable contribution allowed for much reputability and prominence in the classroom and the altering community.
Poe, Edgar Allan. "The Sleeper by Edgar Allan Poe." Edgar Allan Poe, Short Stories, Tales, and Poems. 2005. Web. 11 Dec. 2010. <
Ricou, Laurie R. "Cohen, Leonard."
World Book Advanced
. World Book, 2011. Web. 4 Jan. 2011.
Werlock, Abby H. P., ed. "Poe, Edgar Allan."
The Facts On File Companion to the American Novel
. New York: Facts On File, Inc., 2006.
Bloom's Literary Reference Online
. Facts On File, Inc.
CANov0736&SingleRecord=True (accessed December 9, 2010).
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